Fokus des Monats: Januar 2020
Von Ruth Lauer-Manenti
atha yoga-anuśasanam (PYS 1.1)
Now, this is Yoga as I have observed it in the natural world.
translation and interpretation by Sharon Gannon, Jivamukti Yoga Chant Book
The first word in the yoga sutra is atha. Atha is considered an auspicious word, a good sign, a benediction that sets a musical tone; it means ‘‘now,’’ referring to not later and not before. Thus, for one to experience yoga one must put aside thoughts of yesterday and tomorrow. This freedom, even if temporary, offers the possibility to observe Yoga in the natural world.
Once I was visiting some friends in the desert who were in the middle of a long silent retreat yet could receive guests once a year. Walking to one of the retreat huts, I realized that just in the way I was walking I was making a lot of noise. I started walking more mindfully, each step as quiet as possible in consideration of the surroundings. It was a joy to walk this way. As my concentration deepened, I witnessed the movement of the clouds and their formations. I noticed the flower colors and bird sounds and felt part of a landscape that I had visited numerous times before, and would again, yet it was the present that was now fulfilling. Like this, in the mental field of what is, not what was or will be, no matter how many times one has seen the same landscape, having seen it before will not diminish the fulfillment of the present at all. Later I went to visit another friend, whose hut was on a hill where high grass grew and where there was no clear path to reach it. I was told that with every step I took to tap a stick three times to warn the snakes. Indeed, I was careful. Not lost in thought, I moved slowly and with care as my awareness filled with a presence that was expansive and worthwhile. Through mindfulness, I arrived to the beauty that belonged to the flowers and trees, but more importantly, I perceived a divine presence that the plants were vehicles, expressions, messengers and manifestations of. Walking through a field of high grass is perhaps not the easiest way of walking, and the easiest way of doing things is not necessarily the most mindful or the most fulfilling. Today fields are mowed down, even paved, and mindfulness and its wisdom are declining. Yet the depth of our perception of the outer world mirrors our perception of what is within as well. Through mindfulness of others, we learn about others, and it becomes natural to see ourselves in them. Through this empathy the wish not to cause harm arises.
Each chakra is associated with a sense. One can be led into or away from the present moment through the senses. The feel of a mala bead passing through one’s fingers; the taste of prasad or the first sip of water upon arising; watching of a fruit ripen, a leaf change color or daylight decrease each day as winter approaches; listening to early morning sounds; or placing oneself in the atmosphere of Satsang are all ways in which a deep and poetic connection to life is sadly missed if one is not present, if one is preoccupied or is disturbed by a lifestyle that is unconscious, one that is often filled with negative emotions based on past traumas. Yoga gives the practitioner a chance to cultivate skills that can be used to work through old karmas so that past and/or afflictive, even unspeakable, experiences can serve as teachers or stepping stones to enlightenment rather than as an endless source of distraction, pain and disengagement. Yoga practices, when approached mindfully, result in an experience that is internal and forgiving. Such experiences reorient a person toward showing up in her life, in her relationships with people and with God.
In Tadasana, if one, ever mindful, presses down through the ball and heel of each foot, he realizes his arches. The sensation of well-being, stability, flexibility, elasticity, and quietude that this brings is nothing short of a blessing. At first, it may be easier to be mindful of a single task, like pressing the feet down or inhaling to the count of four, but eventually, one can move at any speed or undertake any number of actions simultaneously and mindfully. This is why an enlightened being can serve countless beings on countless planets at the same time.
The word sutra means stitch or thread. For those who sew as part of a spiritual practice, it is joyful because it is mindful. Especially as you get older and your eyesight worsens, it becomes more difficult just to get the thread through the eye of the needle. Within the down-under-up-and-across movement of the thread, its connection to the movement of the hands, one hand holding the fabric in place, the other guiding the passage of the needle, followed by the movement of the eyes as instruments for the sewer to see with, the sewer, the sewn and the act of sewing come together in a moment of absorption. In such a precious moment one is completely struck by the innate goodness and beauty of the natural world and thus is ecstatic by the awareness of what is
Ask the students to reflect on how often they feel appreciation for each moment of their life, including basic needs such as food, shelter, clothing, fresh air and clean water, as well as friendship and love. Not taking things for granted will be in relationship to the level of mindfulness. Ask if they are aware of suffering in different parts of the world, nearby and far, within the human species but including all other species as well. Are others included in their consciousness?
Break down vinyasa instructions to simple movements. Ask the students to practice these simple movements first without explaining vinyasa and then with instructions. Ask if they feel a difference in their quality of awareness and what that difference feels like. Ask the students to reflect on their lifestyle: Are their actions mechanical and reactive, motivated by lower levels of awareness, or are their actions moment to moment graceful, aligned with a higher source, greater purpose and larger collective beyond them? Are they paying attention to details as well as to the greater picture? Ask the students to notice if they move out of habit, perhaps faster or slower than the teacher’s instructions, and encourage them to practice restraint from their habits and link that restraint to higher states of concentration. Then build on your simple movements and ask the students to remain focused through many changing movements and transitions so as to experience what is not changing underneath. Link that underlying changelessness to the Self, and link that to compassion.
Speak about mindful eating and mindful consumerism and the major way in which our decisions have an impact on the world.
Create an atmosphere in the classroom that unifies students. Use prayer, chanting and simple sounds like a u and m and/or humming to bring students into the present, speak about pulling oneself together and not feeling fragmented, being in the here and now. Tell students not to worry about being somewhere else.